One of the most important steps you’ll take in determining if the property is right for you is checking on utilities.
As a general rule, if vacant land is located in the city, it will have city water and city sewer.
If the land is outside of the city, it will probably require a well and septic, this is quite common in rural areas.
Contact the county’s Building or Planning and Zoning Department to get the information about and whether the area is served by the public water system, as well as by a sewer system (or a septic tank is required).
For septic systems and installation costs, consult a septic system engineer to determine if your land can support a septic system, how much it would cost to install one, and how much it would cost per month to operate it.
If your property is not connected to city water, then most likely you will have to drill a well for your water. If you go that route, you need to find out what the depth is for well drilling in the area and what supplies will be needed.
You may also want to call your local utility company and inquire about electricity, water, sewer and natural gas before you purchase the land.
While doing research, ask questions such as is there water access to your land?
Is a sewer system available, or will the property need a septic? Can you access electrical and gas utilities? Who is the electricity provider? What type of gas does this area service? For waste, will the county or city pick up the trash?
Where applicable, have a look at the location of all utility lines, including cable, electricity and sewer systems. Ask local officials if they have plans to expand utilities in the near future. Water, electricity, telephone and cable television companies all have maps showing the locations of current lines and what service areas are covered by those lines.
If you are purchasing the property in the HOA / POA community, most commonly there will be power and water available at the property. Contact community administration to check regarding further services and utilities.